Coronavirus impact: State-by-state restrictions

Editor’s note: This is a partial list of orders and restrictions, and it will be updated as more information becomes available.

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Daily routines nationwide have halted as officials implement drastic steps in an attempt to mitigate the spread of the coronavirus.

But as the virus continues to spread around the world, government officials throughout the United States have issued “stay-at-home” or “shelter-in-place” orders, allowing those venture outside for essential jobs, errands and exercise only. Many states have also closed non-essential businesses and limited restaurants and bars to take out and delivery only.

The aggressive measures are meant to keep the virus in check by forcing people to stay away from each other as often as possible.

Last week, the White House, also in a rush to curb the spread of the disease, released sweeping guidelines that affected American’s day to day lives.

Groups and gatherings should be limited to less than 10 people, classes should be held online at home and discretionary travel and social visits should be avoided. Additionally, If anyone in a household tests positive for the virus, everyone who lives there should stay home.

Here is the state by state breakdown of restrictions imposed by local officials:

Alabama  

After first closing, the public schools on March 14, Gov. Kay Ivey announced Thursday (March 26) that Alabama school systems will be closed for the remainder of the academic year. Distance learning will continue and Alabama Public Television will be broadcasting some courses on its television stations.

Arizona

Gov. Doug Ducey on Monday (March 30), issued a statewide “stay at home” order in an attempt to slow the spread of the coronavirus pandemic in the “Grand Canyon State.”  The order — which will run through April 30 — prevents 7.1 million Arizonans from leaving their residences except for groceries, beverages, takeout food from restaurants, and medical, household and automobile supplies.

Businesses allowed to remain because they are seen as “essential” include financial institutions, day care centers, laundry services and insurance companies. Outdoor exercise is permitted as long as “social distancing” is practiced. All parts of this order will go into effect at 5pm local time on Tuesday (March 31).

After receiving a letter from the Coconino County health department, the Department of the Interior and the National Park Service announced Wednesday (April 1) the closing of Grand Canyon National Park. The letter from county officials informed the NPS and Interior Dept. that an employee of Delaware North, which provides food and beverage and retail services as well as lodging at Yavapai Lodge and Trailer Village RV, Park, had tested positive for the coronavirus.

California 

Gov. Gavin Newsom issued a mandatory stay-at-home order statewide on March 19. However, those that work in grocery stores, pharmacies, banks and other “critical sectors” will be allowed to go to work.

On Friday, March 27, the County of Los Angeles issues an unprecedented order closing all beaches, piers, bike paths and trails. The county has 20 beaches stretching along 25 miles of the LA County’s 75-mile mainland coast. The order is in effect through April 19.

 Colorado

One day after the state’s largest city issued a stay-at-home order, Gov. Jared Polis on Wednesday (March 25) issued a statewide stay-at-home order, effective 6 a.m. Thursday, March 26 through April 11. Bars, restaurants, salons, theaters and other social gather places were closed last week. The governor said people should only leave their homes for essentials, such as groceries and medical care. Businesses deemed “critical” are exempt from the order.

Connecticut 

Gov. Ned Lamont is directing all non-essential workers statewide to work from home.

On Friday (March 27), the governor said that starting Monday, March 30, the New Haven Line of Metro-North — the main railroad between New York City and Connecticut, will begin to operate on a reduced schedule. Trains will shift to hourly departures, however, extra trains will run during peak hours during the business week. Lamont said that this move represents approximately 50 percent less railroad traffic than a normal weekday schedule. Metro-North’s three Connecticut branch lines — The New Canaan Line, Danbury Line, and Waterbury Line — will also operate on a reduced schedule.

Beginning April 3, the “Safe Store” rules will go into effect, Gov. Lamont decreed on Wednesday (April 1)  for all businesses remaining open. Those rules include:

  • Occupancy capped at 50 percent of store capacity. At the entrances, staff will maintain a count of the number of customers entering and exiting stores. 
  • The creation of clearly marked six-foot spacing in lines on floor at checkout lines and other high-traffic areas and to ensure six-foot spacing in lines outside the store.
  • Installation of plexiglass shields to separate employees from customers at checkout lines and other areas in the store where practicable.

District of Columbia

The mayor of Washington, D.C., Muriel Bowser, ordered the shutdown of  “non-essential” businesses in the District by 10:00 p.m. starting March 25 and to run through April 24. Those businesses include: touring services, gyms, health clubs, spas, theaters, auditoriums, nightclubs, hair, nail, and tanning salons and barbershops and tattoo parlors.

In addition, the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Metro) announced Tuesday (March 24) via its “Pandemic Task Force” that it would close 17 train stations starting Thursday, March 26 following a 90 percent decline in subway ridership. Metro said, “These steps will help reduce the risk of exposure to employees and save critical cleaning supplies for the remaining stations.”

The stations scheduled to close are:

  • Federal Center SW
  • Federal Triangle
  • Mt Vernon Sq, Judiciary Sq, Archives
  • Greensboro 
  • Eisenhower Ave 
  • Virginia Square
  • Cleveland Park 
  • Grosvenor-Strathmore 
  • Cheverly
  • Clarendon 
  • East Falls Church 
  • College Park 
  • McLean 
  • Morgan Boulevard 
  • Van Dorn St

On Monday, March 30, Mayor Muriel Bowser issued a “stay at home” order effective at 8 pm local time. The directive — which follows actions made by neighboring Maryland and Virginia — bars people from public unless they are out for food, medicine or supplies. People who willfully violate the order face will criminal penalties which could include up to 90 days in jail and fines of up to $5,000.

Delaware

Gov. John Carney ordered residents to stay at home and closed nonessential businesses in the state.

Florida 

One day after Gov. Ron DeSantis ordered visitors flying from the New York Tri-state area (New York, Connecticut and New Jersey) to self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival in the Sunshine State, the governor Tuesday (March 24) called for anyone who has traveled to the Tri-state area in the past 3 weeks to self isolate for 14 days and notify anyone they’ve had contact with that they have traveled recently. In addition, anyone over 65 years of age has been ordered to “stay at home” for the next 14 days to minimize potential exposure to coronavirus.

Late Tuesday (March 24), the City of Miami ordered all residents to shelter in place and remain at home until further notice, effective at 11:59 p.m. All non-essential travel within Miami city limits — including by car, public transit, motorcycle, etc. — is prohibited until further notice. Citizens are allowed to travel for “essential goods” at grocery stores and pharmacies as well as “perform work in support of essential activities and establishments” and “deliver essential services to homes, such as repair, landscaping and pool services.”

Outdoor recreational activities is permitted, but not locations already closed to the public under the existing emergency order, such as city parks.

Following the lead of several cities in the Sunshine State, on Wednesday (April 1) Gov. DeSantis mandated a 30-day stay-at-home order effective midnight Thursday for all residents to remain indoors unless they are pursuing essential services or activities.

Georgia

Gov. Brian Kemp on Wednesday (April 1) issued a statewide shelter-in-place order to take effect on Friday. In addition, all public schools were ordered closed. Details of the order will be released on Thursday (April 2). The move comes  after the Georgia Municipal Association urged all 538 cities in Georgia to adopt some type of emergency order aimed at slowing the spread of the virus.

Hawaii

Gov. David Ige signed a third supplementary proclamation on Monday, ordering the entire state to stay at home and work from home starting at 12:01 a.m. Wednesday, Mar. 25 through Apr 30. Essential workers are exempt.

On Tuesday (March 30), the governor signed an executive order that requires all residents and visitors traveling between any of the state’s islands to self-quarantine for 14 days. The mandate takes effect at 12:01 a.m. on April. 1. In addition, anyone traveling inter-island to perform an essential function — including those providing and seeking medical care — will have to fill out and sign an Interisland Declaration Form. While performing these essential functions, travelers must also wear appropriate protective gear – primarily masks – and follow social distancing rules.

Idaho 

Gov. Brad Little issued a stay-at-home order statewide. Residents must stay inside and avoid unnecessary travel. Non essential businesses must all temporarily close.

Illinois 

Gov. J.B. Pritzker ordered all state residents to remain in their homes except for essential reasons on March 21. The order was schedule to expire April 7, but on Tuesday, March 31, Gov. Pritzker announced he will sign a 30-day extension on April 1. In addition to “Stay at Home” directive, Illinois is extending the suspension of on-site learning in K-12 schools through the month of April.

Indiana 

Gov. Eric Holcomb issued a stay-at-home order until April 6. This applies to the entire state of Indiana except for those working for essential businesses or are doing an essential activity which includes health and safety, necessary supplies and services, outdoor activity, certain types of essential work, and to take care of others, according to the government.

Iowa 

Gov. Kim Reynolds Thursday (March 26) ordered all bars and restaurants to remain closed through April 7th. The order was originally issued March 17. In addition, she ordered the closing of non-essential retailers including book stores, shoe stores, jewelry, luggage, cosmetics, perfume and beauty supply stores, florists, furniture, and home furnishing stores. Come Friday (March 27), all elective surgeries will also be suspended by 5 pm local time.

Kentucky 

Gov. Andy Beshear ordered on March 22 nonessential retailers to close. Three days later, the governor extended the order to “all non-life-sustaining businesses” as of Thursday (March 26) at 8 p.m. Exempted businesses include grocery stores, media, gas stations and hardware stores and media outlets. The sale of firearms and ammunition also is exempted.

Louisiana 

Gov. John Bel Edwards issued a statewide stay-at-home order. Residents must stay inside except for necessary travel including grocery store runs, medical appointments, restaurants for take out only and to care for a family member or friend.

On Monday, March 30, the governor extended the “Stay at Home” order through April 30th. The previous directive had been set to expire April 13,

Maryland 

Gov. Larry Hogan ordered nonessential businesses to close (March 23). The order does not affect essential businesses defined by the federal government, including health care, food and agriculture, energy, law enforcement and public safety.

As of  8 pm local time on March 30, the governor issued a new stay-at-home order prohibiting that state’s 6 million-plus residents from leaving home, except for “essential” trips such as grocery stores or pharmacies. In addition, Hogan said no Maryland resident should travel outside the state unless it’s “absolutely necessary” and that any resident who has recently traveled beyond Maryland’s borders to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Massachusetts 

Gov. Charlie Baker ordered all non-essential businesses and organizations to temporarily close. Baker also directed the state’s department of health to issue a stay at home order. Residents are advised to stay home and avoid unnecessary travel and other unnecessary activities.

On March 25, Gov. Baker issued a second order extending the closure of public and private schools and non-emergency childcare programs until May 4th.

The list of essential services was updated on March 30, as Gov. Baker extended the emergency order for business closures until May 4. In addition, while the businesses are designated as essential, the governor’s order urged them “to follow social distancing protocols for workers in accordance with guidance from the Department of Public Health.” The updated list of categories for “essential businesses” are:

  • Health Care/ Public Health / Human Services
  • Law Enforcement, Public Safety, First Responders
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Waste and Wastewater
  • Transportation and Logistics
  • Public Works & Infrastructure Support Services
  • Communications and Information Technology
  • Other Community-, Education-, Or Government-Based Operations And Essential Functions
  • Critical Manufacturing

Details on the specific businesses included in these categories are available here

 Michigan 

Gov. Gretchen Whitmer issued a statewide stay-at-home order. This means all non-critical Michigan businesses and operations must temporarily close, and residents must stay home and stay six feet away from others, according to the state department of health.

However, essential businesses will still be operating.

Mississippi 

Gov. Tate Reeves issued a shelter-in-place order on Wednesday (April 1) that will go into effect on Friday at 5 pm local time and remain in place until 8 a.m. on April 20. The order mirrors directives of other states including barring Mississippians from leaving their homes except to perform essential activities, such as caring for a member of the vulnerable population and getting food and supplies. Outdoor recreation is permitted but not group activities such as soccer or basketball. In addition, all nonessential businesses are to stop activities other than those what is necessary for minimum operations (e.g. payroll, health insurance, security) and all business should enable employees to work from home.

Missouri

Gov. Mike Parson issued an order for social distancing statewide meaning every person in the state must avoid social gatherings of more than 10 people. Residents are bared from dining at restaurants and or bars and are prohibited from entering nursing homes, long-term care facilities, retirement homes, or assisted living homes “unless to provide critical assistance,” Gov. Parson tweeted.

Additionally, the state’s largest cities, Kansas City and St. Louis, have implemented stay-at-home orders slated to take effect this week.

Montana  

Gov. Steve Bullock issued a stay at home order for the state on Thursday (March 26) and it will take effect at 12:01 a.m. local time on March 28 and last until April 10. The former Democratic presidential candidate on Tuesday had ordered the closing of schools and restaurants and restricted people from gathering in groups of 10 or more.

With the new directive, Montanans can leave hope for medical-related purposes, to obtain groceries and supplies, to care for family members or friends and to perform work providing essential products and services.

Nevada 

A travel advisory was issued Wednesday (April 1) by Gov. Steve Sisolak urging visitors or returning Nevadans to self-quarantine and monitor their health for 14 days after arriving or returning to Nevada. This advisory does not apply to healthcare, public health, public safety, transportation, and food supply essential employees.

New Jersey 

Gov. Phil Murphy signed an executive order that directs all residents to stay at home. All non-essential retail businesses were also ordered to temporarily close their doors.

Additionally, Gov. Murphy suspended all elective medical and dental surgeries and invasive procedures. Certain low-level offenders will also be released from county jails to prevent the spread of the virus within the corrections system, according to a tweet by Gov. Murphy.

On Tuesday, March 24, the Garden State’s chief executive announced the state has applied for a federal waiver to cancel April’s standardized testing for students.

New Mexico 

Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced the state is under a stay-at-home order. All residents are instructed to stay at home except for “essential” outings.

New York 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced sweeping orders requiring workers in nonessential businesses to stay home. Additionally, nonessential gatherings of people of any size or for any reason are canceled or postponed, including parties and celebrations.

“It is incumbent on all of us, young and old, and especially the young, who might think they are invincible, to stay the heck indoors,” said New York City Health Commissioner Dr. Oxiris Barbot.

Noting that he’s “talked about this for weeks,” Gov. Cuomo announced Wednesday (April 1) that he was ordering all New York City playgrounds shut down. The governor said at several press briefings that he has seen too many people in parks not practicing “social distancing” and group gatherings. Said Cuomo, “I warned people.”

Ohio 

A stay-at-home order has also been imposed on Ohio residents, according to Gov. Mike DeWine.

Oklahoma

Gov. Kevin Stitt announced Tuesday, March 24, a “safer at home order” which requires all “vulnerable populations” to remain at home through April 30. Trips to the grocery store or pharmacy, are allowed but the governor’s order also included the restriction of all gatherings of 10 or more people, effective at midnight.

Oregon

Gov. Kate Brown issued a statewide order for residents to stay at home.

Pennsylvania

Gov. Tom Wolf issued stay-at-home orders for residents of the state’s hardest-hit areas including Bucks, Chester, Delaware and Montgomery counties, according to local outlets. Similarly. the mayor of Philadelphia also imposed the same restrictions for residents in the area.

Wolf also cautioned that all “non-life-sustaining” businesses must close.

Rhode Island  

Gov. Gina Raimondo announced on Friday (March 27) that the state National Guard will be ordered to go door-to-door in Rhode Island’s seaside communities looking for people from New York — many of whom have vacation homes on the shore . She said at a news conference, “We will be targeting those homes where people have come from New York.”

The day before (March 26) the governor said she would sign an executive order requiring anyone arriving from New York state to self-quarantine for 14 days. In addition, National Guard troops were to be stationed at bus terminals and train stations to collect contact information from travelers arriving from New York. On the roadways, the Rhode Island state police has been ordered to stop cars with New York plates entering the state.

South Carolina 

In the Palmetto State Friday (March 27), Gov. Henry McMasters ordered that all visitors coming to South Carolina from New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, or New Orleans must quarantine for 14 days.

Charleston (March 26) and Columbia (March 29) issued “stay at home” orders.

Following a weekend of “beach weather” and large amounts of people hitting the Carolina coast without practicing “social distancing,”  Gov. McMaster issued an order Monday (March 30) to close all public access points to the state’s beaches, as well as the closing of all public boat ramps, landings and access points on the state’s lakes, rivers and waterways. Anyone violating the order may be fined up to $100 or spend a maximum of 30 days in jail.

Executive Order 2020-17 was issued by the governor on Tuesday March 31, ordering the closure of non-essential businesses. Businesses that will be closed starting April 1 as a result of the governor’s executive order are as follows:

Entertainment venues and facilities as follows:

  • Night clubs
  • Bowling alleys
  • Arcades
  • Concert venues, theaters, auditoriums, and performing arts centers
  • Tourist attractions (including museums, aquariums, and planetariums)
  • Racetracks
  • Indoor children’s play areas (excluding daycare facilities)
  • Adult entertainment venues
  • Bingo halls
  • Venues operated by social clubs

Recreational and athletic facilities and activities as follows:

  • Fitness and exercise centers and commercial gyms
  • Spas and public or commercial swimming pools
  • Group exercise facilities, to include yoga, barre, and spin studios or facilities
  • Spectator sports
  • Sports that involve interaction with another person in close proximity and within less than six feet of another person
  • Activities that require the use of shared sporting apparatus and equipment
  • Activities on commercial or public playground equipment

Close-contact service providers as follows:

  • Barber shops and hair salons
  • Waxing salons
  • Threading salons
  • Nail salons and spas
  • Tatoo parlors 
  • Tanning salons
  • Massage-therapy establishments and massage services

Tennessee 

Gov. Bill Lee announced he is extending his closure of schools from March 31 to April 24. All Tennessee public schools were closed on March 20. The governor also said state workers are to remain working from home until April 24.

On Monday (March 30). Gov. Lee issued an order for only essential businesses to maintain operations starting Tuesday (March 31) at 11:59 pm local time. Non-essential businesses include salons, spas, concert venues, theaters and other “indoor recreational facilities.” Also, a “safer at home” directive was made where the governor said state residents should remain home “as much as possible.” These orders are set to be in place until April 14.

Texas 

Gov. Gregg Abbott issued an executive order Thursday (March 26), declaring anyone arriving at any airport in the Lone Star from New York, Connecticut, New Jersey or New Orleans, Louisiana, must register with the Texas Department of Public Safety and self-quarantine immediately at a home or in a hotel for 14 days or until they leave the state, whichever happens first.

While there is no state-wide stay at home order, more than 18 counties and cities — including Dallas, San Antonia, Houston and Austin — have an order in effect. On Monday (March 30), Amarillo Mayor Ginger Nelson was the lastest local official to issue a “stay at home” directive which will begin at 11:59 p.m. doctorand runs until April 13. The “essential” businesses allowed to remain open vary by county, but across the board residents — like in other states — are permitted to travel for groceries, household supplies, medicine, work-from-home supplies, pet/livestock supplies, visiting the doctor’s office and outdoor exercise such as hiking, biking and running as longs as “social distancing” is practiced.

On Tuesday, March 31, the governor did not issue a statewide “Stay at Home” edict but did order that only essential services are to remain open across Texas — similar to what has been done in several counties and cities. In addition, schools will remain closed until May 4. Businesses considered “essential” are:

  • Healthcare / Public health
  • Law enforcement, public safety, and other first responders
  • Food and agriculture
  • Energy
  • Water and wastewater
  • Transportation and logistics
  • Public works and infrastructure support services
  • Communications and information technology
  • Other community- or government-based operations and essential functions
  • Critical manufacturing
  • Hazardous materials
  • Financial services
  • Chemical
  • Defense industrial base
  • Commercial facilities
  • Residential/shelter facilities and services
  • Hygiene products and services

Several counties and cities have not included religious services as “essential” and gathering for religious services has been banned. On Wednesday (April 1), Gov. Abbott issued a new order overruling previous local directives that makes religious services at places of worship as “essential services.”

Virginia  

Gov. Ralph Northam closed all of the commonwealth’s schools for the remainder of the academic year on March 23rd. Northam also banned “dining in” restaurants and ordered the closing of theaters, bowling alleys, gyms, beauty salons and race tracks closed. Take-out dining is permitted for restaurants.

As of March 25th, all elective surgeries were ordered to stop at all hospitals.

Following the lead of neighbor state Maryland, Northam announced on March 30 that people are only allowed to leave home for or food, supplies, “essential” work, medical care or to exercise/get fresh air. No gatherings of more than 10 people will be permitted. The state’s beaches are closed except for exercise or fishing. The order will be in force until June 10.

Washington 

This state was hit hard when the disease first hit the U.S. Monday night, Gov. Jay Inslee ordered non-essential businesses to close and the state’s more than 7 million residents to stay home unless necessary in order in an attempt to slow the spread.

The stay-at-home order will remain in place through April 6 and expands Inslee’s previous actions closing bars, restaurants, and entertainment/recreation facilities as well as large gatherings.

West Virginia 

Gov. Jim Justice issued a stay-at-home order for the entire state. Residents must stay at home except for essential needs.

Vermont 

Gov. Phil Scott issued a stay-at-home order for the entire state. Residents are urged to remain indoors only for essential reasons or for some fresh air.

Wisconsin 

Gov. Tony Evers issued a stay-at-home order that prohibits all nonessential travel, with some exceptions. Only essential businesses or operations will be able to continue to run normally.

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The Associated Press contributed to this report. 

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